After the death of Solomon (c930 BCE)
Judah and Israel become two separate nations (I Kings 12; II Chron. 10).
They set up their own nation of Israel, leaving only the two tribes Judah and Benjamin of the original nation loyal to the House of David.
The Israelites then crowned in Shechem, Solomon's servant Jeroboam to be King over Israel.
Unfortunately Jeroboam started Israel on the downward path of idolatry.
The magnificent House for God which Solomon built remained within Judah at Jerusalem.
Jeroboam realized he could not allow the people to go to the temple for God's annual Holy Days. He changed the important fall Feast of Tabernacles from the seventh month to the eighth month and set up idols to worship in the north at Dan and the south at Beth-el.
Israel then started down the slippery slope which was to end in the
destruction of the nation, its national captivity, and the withholding
of the birthright for over twenty-five centuries.
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